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State Brand Board, 1897 - 1976


Scope and Contents

From the Record Group: This record group contains records created and maintained by the South Dakota Department of Public Safety and includes departmental correspondence; fire loss reports; disaster files and photographs; highway safety program records; Law Enforcement Assistance Administration files and correspondence; Criminal Justice Commission files and audio recordings of meetings; motor vehicle registration annual summaries; and State Brand Board minutes, reports, and brand registers.


  • 1897 - 1976

Administrative History

South Dakota brand law dates back to Dakota Territory 1862. At that time, the Land Office was required to maintain a record of brands in the county or area. In 1897, a Brand and Mark Committee was established by the Legislature to oversee the registration of livestock brands. The Committee published a Brand Book in 1898-1899 containing 2,066 registered brands. This Committee was dissolved in 1925 when the Legislature transferred brand registration authority to the Department of Agriculture Division of Animal Industry under the supervision of the Department Secretary.

When the State Legislature convened in 1937, the State Brand Board was created and given authority for livestock brand registration and ownership inspection. The board has Quasi Judicial, Quasi Legislative, Administrative and Special Budgetary functions. The Board is comprised of five members who are appointed by the Governor for a three-year term. The board operates entirely on user fees generated from livestock brand registration, renewals, transfers and inspections.

From 1973 until 1984, the State Brand Board was administered by the Department of Public Safety. Authority was briefly transferred to the Department of Commerce in 1984, before returning to the Department of Agriculture in 1985.


5.75 Cubic Feet

Language of Materials

From the Record Group: English

Repository Details

Part of the South Dakota State Archives Repository

900 Governors Dr
Pierre South Dakota 57501 USA
605-773-6041 (Fax)